The islands of Micronesia are situated north of Papua New Guinea and to the west of Hawaii. Micronesia is made up of more than 2,000 islands that were first settled about 3,000 years ago by seafarers who travelled across from South East Asia. Guam is the largest and most populous of the islands and is the main gateway to Micronesia. The English language is widely spoken in addition to a number of indigenous languages including; Palauan, Yapese, Chuukese and Marshallese.
The eight, main island groups that form Micronesia include: Guam, The Republic of Palau (Belau), The Marianas, Pohnpei, Yap, Truk (Chuuk), The Marshall Islands and Kosrae. Each island group has its own unique cultures, language, history and attractions.
Following World War II, the U.S.A. administered the Islands of Micronesia as a trust territory under the United Nations. More recently, the islands attained self-government, with subdivision and the formation of: The Republic of the Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia (consisting of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae), The Republic of Palau and The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands - a United States Territory.
Micronesia, means “small islands” and is the collective name given to the two thousand, tiny, tropical islands, scattered over an area of more than three million square miles of the Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and The Philippines. (Some islands are so small they do not appear on many world maps).
Inhabited areas consist of local villages that have maintained the traditional and cultural way of life, with few modern day facilities. There are also the more upmarket, resort areas of Guam and Saipan offering luxurious accommodation, entertainment attractions and great shopping.
The islands of Micronesia are geographically, culturally and naturally diverse. They include the high volcanic islands of Pohnpei and Kosrae, the raised coral islands of Guam and Saipan and the coral atolls of The Marshall Islands. The islands and atolls are the culminating result of volcanic activity, which took place millions of years ago. Many of the islands are the summits of huge underwater mountains or rims of sunken volcano craters peaking through the water surface forming tropical lagoons. Other natural features include secluded sandy beaches, crystal clear blue water, rolling hills, lush mangrove forests, mountain peaks, striking rock formations, river valleys and stunning waterfalls.
Micronesia has some of the most pristine underwater environments supporting thousands of fish species and a lush, tropical topside that houses an abundance of bird-life and flora and fauna.
Micronesia is renowned for its world class diving. The pristine waters plays host to a variety of dazzling marine life whilst Truk Lagoon is the ultimate destination for wreck diving enthusiasts. Kayak around the many islands or hike to secluded lake and waterfalls. For culture lovers visit and enjoy the experience of traditional village life and for the history buffs there are many World War II sites.
Micronesia has some of the most uniform year round temperatures in the world, with an average temperature of 27°C. The lowest rainfall period is normally experienced between January to March.
The majority of visitors come to snorkel or scuba dive. The fish life, corals and the many wrecks from World War II make the area one of the worlds leading dive destinations.
The majority of diving in Palau is drift diving along the walls and coral gardens of the outer reefs. Schooling pelagics, WWII wrecks, snorkelling Jellyfish Lake and kayaking among the Rock Islands are the key reasons why divers love Palau and do not hesitate to come back time and time again. The start of the year is the best time to dive the glassy waters of Palau and will most likely give you the best chance to visit with waters of Peleliu State.
Truk is indisputably a Diver's Mecca, suitable for both novice and experienced divers. Featuring an entire WWII Japanese fleet which was sunk by the US, and with over 42 diveable wrecks to choose from and all in excellent condition, many divers have made multiple trips back to Truk Lagoon to revisit favourite wrecks as well as new ones they haven’t had the chance to see.
Kosrae offer uncrowded reef diving with is clear clean ocean & extraordinary living coral reefs that completely surround it. Currents are mild here so is very conducive to underwater photography and for novice divers.
Pohnpei is surrounded by a barrier reef with many passages that exit the lagoon into the open sea and therefore offer uncrowded current & channel dives, walls and drop offs.
Yap offers uncrowded reef diving, caverns and swim throughs with consistent manta ray sightings year round.
Average water temperature is 29°C so a lycra suit or a 3mm suit is recommended.
The Islands of Micronesia are situated just to the North of Papua New Guinea and to the west of the Hawaii Islands. The international country code for Guam is 671, Palau 680 and the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is 691.
Palau is 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT); Guam, Chuuk & Yap are 10 hours; and Pohnpei & Kosrae are 11 hours ahead of GMT.
For transits/stopovers in Guam (US Territory) log onto the ESTA website and complete the online application https://esta.cbp.dhs.gov
Cost is USD$14 (subj to change).
Even though Visas are not required for Australian Passport holders travelling to FSM less than 30 days and Palau less than 90 days, all travellers transiting via Guam will need to USA visa by going to the ESTA website and completing the online application https://esta.cbp.dhs.gov
The currency of Guam & Micronesia is the US Dollar. Most international credit cards are accepted by hotels, shops and restaurants throughout Micronesia.
1 AUD = approximately 0.67 USD (July 2019)
China Airlines - 30kg to Koror, 2 pieces (23kg each) to Guam
Other Airlines - check individual baggage allowance
United Airlines (ex Manila / Guam) - 2 pieces (23kg each) : 1st bag is free, 2nd bag incurs a fee of US$40 per check-in dependent on routing.
(subject to change without notice)
The majority of visitors come to snorkel or scuba dive. The fish life, corals and the many wrecks from World War II make the area one of the worlds leading dive destinations. Average water temperature is 29°C so a lycra suit or a 3mm suit is recommended. Palau states charge small fees to assist with their Conservation programs. Koror State, Rock Island & Jellyfish Lake Permit valid for 10 days is USD 100. Peleliu State Dive Permit valid for 10 days is USD 30.
A dive permit costing USD 50 is required in Chuuk. Dive operators supply tanks, weight belts and dive guide services. There will be an extra charge if equipment hire is required.